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CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: It is a life-saving emergency procedure

CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. It is a life-saving emergency procedure that is performed when someone’s heartbeat or breathing has stopped. CPR is administered to maintain blood flow and oxygenation to vital organs until more advanced medical help, such as defibrillation or professional medical care, can be provided.

Here are the basic steps of CPR:

  1. Check the Scene: Before starting CPR, ensure that the scene is safe for both you and the victim. Look for any potential hazards, such as traffic, fire, or dangerous chemicals.
  2. Check Responsiveness: Tap the victim and shout loudly to see if they respond. If there’s no response, call for emergency medical assistance (call 911 or your local emergency number) or instruct someone else to do so.
  3. Check for Breathing: Carefully tilt the victim’s head back to open the airway, and check if they are breathing normally. Look, listen, and feel for signs of breathing for no more than 10 seconds. If the victim is not breathing or is only gasping, you’ll need to start CPR.
  4. Perform Chest Compressions:
  • Place the heel of one hand on the center of the victim’s chest, just below the nipple line.
  • Place the other hand on top of the first hand.
  • Lock your elbows and use your upper body weight to push hard and fast in the center of the chest.
  • Compressions should be at least 2 inches deep for adults, and you should aim for a rate of about 100-120 compressions per minute. Let the chest fully recoil between compressions.
  1. Rescue Breaths (for adults):
  • After 30 compressions, give two rescue breaths.
  • Ensure the victim’s airway is open by tilting their head back and lifting the chin.
  • Pinch the victim’s nose shut and place your mouth over theirs, creating an airtight seal.
  • Give a breath that lasts about 1 second and makes the chest rise visibly.
  1. Continue CPR: Alternate between 30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths. Continue until:
  • The victim starts breathing normally.
  • An automated external defibrillator (AED) becomes available.
  • Trained medical personnel take over.
  • You become too exhausted to continue.

For infants and children, the compression depth, rate, and the method of rescue breaths may differ, so it’s important to receive proper training in pediatric CPR.

Remember that performing CPR as soon as possible greatly increases the chances of survival for someone in cardiac arrest. If you’re not trained in CPR, performing hands-only CPR (compressions without rescue breaths) is still beneficial until professional help arrives. It’s highly recommended to take a CPR certification course to learn and practice these life-saving skills.

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