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India becomes the fourth country ever to land a spacecraft on the moon

(Qnnflash) – India has achieved a significant milestone by successfully landing its Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft on the moon, marking it as only the fourth nation in history to accomplish such a feat.

This achievement carries the potential to elevate India’s standing as a global space superpower, alongside the United States, China, and the former Soviet Union, who have previously achieved soft landings on the lunar surface. Notably, Chandrayaan-3’s landing site is strategically closer to the moon’s south pole than any prior spacecraft, reflecting a scientific interest in exploring this region for potential water ice deposits.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, presently attending the BRICS Summit in South Africa, virtually witnessed the historic landing and shared his thoughts during a live broadcast. Modi highlighted the global significance of India’s success, emphasizing the country’s commitment to a unified approach in addressing global challenges under the banner of “one Earth, one family, one future.”

India’s triumphant lunar mission arrives just days after Russia’s Luna 25 spacecraft experienced a failure during its lunar landing attempt on August 19, demonstrating the complexity and challenges of space exploration.

Chandrayaan-3’s journey involved intricate maneuvers and careful planning. Comprising a lander, rover, and propulsion module, the spacecraft navigated the vast void between Earth and the moon. The lander, named Vikram, executed precise movements to ensure a gentle touchdown on the lunar surface. Within Vikram is Pragyan, a small, six-wheeled rover set to explore the moon’s surface.

With a successful landing confirmed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), two-way communication with the spacecraft was established, and initial images of the moon’s surface were shared. Vikram, weighing approximately 1,700 kilograms, and the 26-kilogram rover are equipped with scientific instruments designed to gather data that will unveil the moon’s composition. This includes a seismometer that will detect seismic activity within the moon’s interior, a crucial step in ensuring the safety of potential lunar activities, such as astronaut missions or construction.

Chandrayaan-3’s anticipated mission duration is around two weeks on the lunar surface, while the propulsion module remains in orbit, facilitating data transmission to Earth. This success aligns with India’s active participation in the global space race, collaborating with partners like the United States and France. India’s space endeavors have gained widespread national pride and attention, exemplified by the millions who tuned in to witness the livestreamed landing, marking another stride in India’s expanding presence in the realm of space exploration.

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